Gettysburg Illustrations - WileyStudio

Doc reenacted as a Battlefield Illustrator-Photographer, and Dixie as an Ice Angel-Photographer. Eventually, the full color, black and white, and period-style Illustrations will cover most key events and personages of the battle held to be the turning point of the American Civil War.

INTERESTING NOTES ON CIVIL WAR BATTLEFIELD ILLUSTRATORS: Alfred Waud, Frank Vizetelly, and other Civil War Battlefield Illustrators were civilian artists who produced artworks as they followed both Union and Confederate Armies throughout the war. Their initial quick battlefield sketches were further developed in camp, then sent by horse couriers or blockade runners for conversion into engravings in publications such as Harper's Weekly, The New York Illustrated News, and The Illustrated London News. In this way, live action battlefield events were brought to American and European audiences quickly - for the time - and made the Civil War the first conflict viewable in history as it unfolded. Photography was a new technology - so the photographic work of Gardner and Brady was not yet reproducible in printed publications. In addition, camera shutter speeds were slow and not capable of capturing live action - which is why the photography of the time tended to capture after-battle scenes, portraits, and static images - making the work of battlefield illustrators the only way to convey battlefield live action scenes. Illustrators like Waud and Vizetelly lived frequently with front line troops and were in much personal peril as they worked. A typical up to 30-minute pencil sketch was further rendered in camp or in the field then sent in to a publisher in as few as two days where the conversion into wood block or metal plate engravings were made by a team of artists for printing and distribution to a waiting public. Waud, following the Army Of The Potomac worked for Northern publications and could get his work published fairly quickly, but Vizetelly - following the Army Of Northern Virginia - faced the added constraint of having to send his work to The Illustrated London News via blockade runners from Wilmington, North Carolina. Of interest; there was a Northern Bounty on both Vizetelly AND his work - as it was considered propaghanda against the north. Such was the commitment of Battlefield Illustrators and publishers at the time. Illustrated newspapers with Civil War Battlefield Scenes were in very high demand and sometimes sold more than 300.000 copies per issue.

Stuart's Rebuke

Caught at the moment he returned from an extended foray... ...Stuart's face - hat back - shows the moment he was chastised by Commanding General Lee... ...that open-mouthed moment of duty-failure realization... ...lips askew, disheveled, gritted, almost tear-eyed... ..but Lee forgave and refused Stuart's tenured sword-resignation - knowing J.E.B had uncharacteristically failed and was not replaceable.

Stuart had arrived back after two full days of battle at Gettysburg - having come close to Washington, D.C. and providing 200 wagons of rich plunder and needed supplies - but also failing to provide crucial intel for Lee on the position and makeup of the Army Of The Potomac... ...Cavalry was, after all, the UAV aerial recon of that day, and Lee had been blinded.

Any Officer or NCO with long-term military service has probably gone through some of the same...

Stuart's feathered hat star is unclasped and he is leaning forward... ..absorbing the impact of his mistake... a child reprimanded. Such was the respect J.E.B.had for Lee, and Stuart's truthfulness to mistake.

Gettysburg was not Stuart's finest hour; having also failed to beat Custer on Day 3; events for us all to contemplate... ...nevertheless Stuart performed well both before and after Gettysburg, making him the South's most beloved Cavalry Commander.

A lesser known historical truth is the close friendship between J.E.B. Stuart and Frank Vizetelly, the Civil War Illustrator. Vizetelly regularly camped with Stuart at his invitation, entertained the General by story, song, and artwork, and followed many of Stuart's exploits - with the exclusion of Gettysburg since Vizettely was covering the Siege Of Vicksburg at the time.

Time Of Execution: 10 Hours
Technique / Media: Graphite, Prisma-Color, gouache on sepia paper.
Size: 11" x 14"

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